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The Abbacy of Baindtball was a HRE-icon Holy Roman Imperial abbacy.

History

foundation
Approximately 613 gallons, traditionally of Irish and nuns, and a companion of St. Columbus, was established as a hermitage on site to become a monastery. He lived in his cell until his death in 646. In Arbon, people are still looking for protection at Gallus's cell at dangerous times.

After the death of Gallus, Charles Martel appointed Otmar as the protector of St Gall. There are several different dates for the foundations of the monastery, including 719, 720, 747 6 and the mid-8th century. Pepin's reign Shortly in the 8th century, Othmar founded the Carolingian STYLE STYLE STYLE at the Art and Science thriving font Temples have grown rapidly, and many Alemannic nobles have become monks. At the end of the reign of Abbot Otmar, Professbuch mentions 53 names of two monks from the monastery of St. Gall, Magnus von Füssen and Theodor, founded the royal family in Kempfen and Füssen in Allgäu. By increasing the number of monks, a stronger measure is also saving. Much land in Thurgau, Zürichgau, and in the rest of Alemannia as far as Segre has been relocated to the monastery due to the Stiftungen. Under the abbot Waldo of Reichenau (740-814), the manuscript copy was performed and the famous library was collected. Many Anglo-Saxon and Irish monks came to copy the manuscript. At the request of Pope Adrian. 1 of Charlemagne sent different chanters from Rome to spread the use of Gregorian 744 in the Alemannic nobleman. Beata sold many of the property to the monastery to travel to Rome for financial gain.

Golden age
Later in the century, St. Benedict came into conflict with the nearby Bishopric of Constance, who recently acquired power over the Reichenau Monastery on Lake Constance. Until the emperor Louis the Faith (ruler 814-840) has been confirmed in 813, the solemnity of the Emperor (Reichsunmittelbarkeit) of the Temple. The temple became the Imperial Temple (Reichsabtei). King Louis German was confirmed in 833 immunity of the monastery and allowed the priests free choice of their abbot. In 854, St.Gallen's temple had attained full independence by the king. Louis released the measure of the obligation to pay the tithing to the bishop of Constance.

From this time until the 10th century, the temple was built. It is home to several notable academics, including Notker, Notker Stammerer, Notre Dame Labi, and Hartker (The Developers). Rite books for temples.) During the 9th century, large churches were built and libraries were added. Various manuscripts were purchased by the temple and were created. Over 400 manuscripts from this period have survived and remain in the library today.

Silver Age
Between 924 and 933 the Hungarians threatened the temple and the book had to be taken away. Reichenau for security Not all books are returned.

On April 26, 937, fire broke out and destroyed much of the temple and adjacent. Although the library did not damage about 954, they began to protect the monastery and the building surrounding the wall. Around 971/974, Abbot Notker summarized the enclosing walls and adjacent settlements. It began to become the city of St. Gall in 1969. The temple is the northernmost location where the supernova was recorded.

The death of Abbot Ulrich on December 9, 1076 will end the cultural age of the monastery.

Under the Prince - Abbot

In 1207 Abbot Ulrich von Saxony became a prince (Reichsfürst or simply Fürst) of the Holy Roman Empire by King Philip of Swabia. As Abbey became more involved in local politics, it entered a period of decline in the proper city of St. Gallen, having progressively liberated itself from the abbot's domination. The imperial throne was urgent, and in the late 15th century it was recognized as the Free Emperor's Town of about 1353 guilds. During the 14th century, Humanists were allowed to bring out some of the rare texts from the temple library.

In the late 14th and 15th century, the peasants in the private property of the abbot (Called Appenzell from Latin: abbatis cella, meaning "cell (for example, estate of the abbot)") began to seek independence in 1401. Appenzell's first The war broke out and following the Appenzell victory at Stoss in 1405, they became allies of the Swiss Confederation in 1411. During the war, the Appenzell city of St. Gallen often sided with the Appenzell monastery, so when the Appenzell allied with the Swiss. The town of St. Gallen, just a few months later. [7] The Abbot became a confederation of members of the Swiss Confederation (Zürich, Lucerne), Schwyz, and Glarus) in 1451, while Appenzell and St. Gallen became members of the Swiss Confederation. In 1454, in 1457, St. Gallen was officially excluded from the abbot. [7]

In 1468, Abbot Ulrich Rösch has bought the county. Toggenburg from this number after the family died in 1436. In 1487 he built a monastery at Rorschach on the lake. Constance, which he planned to move. However, he found a stiff resistance from St. Gallen, another citizen clerics and Appenzell nobleman in the Rhine Valley who were concerned about their holdings. The city of St. Gallen wished to limit the power of the monastery and increase the power of the city. St. Gallen, Ou Varnbüler. Contact established by farmers and Appenzell residents. (Led by frantic Hermann Schwendiner) who was looking for an opportunity to ease the abbot. Initially, he protested to the abbot and deputies from all four states supporting the mayor. (Zürich, Lucerne, Schwyz and Glasgow), with the construction of a new monastery in Rorschach. On July 28, 1489, he had armed St. Gallen and Uppsala. Destruction of buildings completed. When the abbot appealed to the South, Varnbüler responded with full damages and demanded a counterattack with a counter-suit and, in collaboration with Schwendiner, denied the arbitration attempt. He was inspired by clerics from Wil to Rorschach to abandon their allegiance to the monastery and speak to the monastery at a town meeting at the popular Waldkirch. He is confident that the four supporters will not interfere with the tension due to the tension that ensues between the Confederation and the Swabian League. He was strengthened in his resolve by the fact that the people of St. Gallen chose him again to judge the highest in 1490.

Family